terça-feira, 10 de maio de 2011

Piping Systems & Pipeline: ASME Code Simplified

Piping Systems & Pipeline: ASME Code Simplified

by: Phillip Ellenberger

Piping Systems & Pipeline: ASME Code Simplified  library.nu #365470

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Piping Systems & Pipeline

The Piping Systems & Pipeline Code establishes rules of the design, inspection, maintenance and repair of piping systems and pipelines throughout the world. The objective of the rules is to provide a margin for deterioration in service. Advancements in design and material and the evidence of experience are constantly being added by Addenda. Based on a popular course taught by author and conducted by the ASME, this book will center on the on the practical aspects of piping and pipeline design, integrity, maintenance and repair. This book will cover such topics as: inspection techniques, from the most common (PT, MT, UT, RT, MFL pigs) to most recent (AE, PED, UT pigs and multi pigs), the implementation of integrity management programs, periodic inspections and evaluation of results

Chapter 1. Piping History

Ancient Piping
U.S. and ASME Code Development

Chapter 2. Historical Development
Basis of Each Code
B31.1 power piping
B31.3 process piping
B31.4 pipeline transportation systems for liquid hydrocarbons
and other liquids
B31.5 refrigeration piping and heat transfer components
B31.8 gas transmission and distribution piping systems
B31.9 building services piping
B31.11 slurry transportation piping systems
Code Organization
Definition of piping system

Chapter 3. Metrication

Chapter 4. Materials
General Considerations
Materials Aboveground
Aboveground codes
Codes for Buried Materials
Material toughness (Charpy notch toughness or similar)
Nonmetallic materials

Chapter 5. Design
A Brief History and Discussion of Pressure Design for Piping
Bases for Allowable Stresses
Buried piping allowed stresses
Aboveground piping stresses
Design of pipe 48
Actual comparison 49
External pressure design 51
Design bends, miters, or elbows 52
Miter bends 54
Pressure design of intersections 55
Generic area replacement 58
Flanges, closures, and blanks 59

Chapter 6. Flexibility Design 61
Brief History 61
Code requirements 62
Stress intensification 70
Expansion stress 73

Chapter 7. Pipe Support 91
Buried Piping 91
Buried pipe requirements 91
Aboveground piping support 93

Chapter 8. Listed and Unlisted Components 103
Rating by Pressure-Temperature Chart 105
Rating by Proof Test 115
Rating of Class by Pipe Schedule 122
Standards Recognized 126
Unlisted Standards 126

Chapter 9. Fabrication 137
Historical Comments 137
Welding Requirements 139
Welding requirements for buried pipe 144
Welding for aboveground piping 151
Preheat requirement of ABCs 157
Postweld heat treatment 159
Assembly 164

Chapter 10. Inspection, Examination, and Testing 165
General 165
Buried Piping Requirements 167
Testing of buried pipe 169
Tests for B31.8 170
Examination and Inspection in Aboveground Codes 172
Leak testing 180
Pneumatic tests 183

Chapter 11. Special Considerations for Pipelines 185
Facilities 186
Compressor Stations and Gas Holders 188
Pumping Stations and Tank Farms
Operation and Maintenance 191
Corrosion Control 196
Offshore Piping 199
Pipeline Integrity 203

Chapter 12. Special Considerations for Other Pipe Systems 207
Pressure Relief 207
Expansion Joints 210
Aluminum Flanges 212

Appendix A. Area Replacement Drawings 215
Appendix B. Pipe Charts 239
Appendix C. Sample Test Report 241
Appendix D. Stress 249
Appendix E. Bends and Miters 255
Appendix F. Addresses of Organizations Referred to 259
in the B31 Codes

Index 261

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